IEEE Reference Guide
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[1] G. O. Young, “Synthetic structure of industrial plastics,” in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15–64.
[2] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123–135.
[3] J. U. Duncombe, “Infrared navigation—Part I: An assessment of feasibility,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-11, pp. 34–39, Jan. 1959.
[4] E. P. Wigner, “Theory of traveling-wave optical laser,” Phys. Rev., vol. 134, pp. A635–A646, Dec. 1965.
[5] E. H. Miller, “A note on reflector arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., to be published.
Articles from Conference Proceedings (published)
[6] D. B. Payne and J. R. Stern, “Wavelength-switched passively coupled single-mode optical network,” in Proc. IOOC-ECOC, 1985, pp. 585–590.
Papers Presented at Conferences (unpublished):
[7] D. Ebehard and E. Voges, “Digital single sideband detection for interferometric sensors,” presented at the 2nd Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors, Stuttgart, Germany, 1984.
[8] G. Brandli and M. Dick, “Alternating current fed power supply,” U.S. Patent 4 084 217, Nov. 4, 1978.
Technical Reports:
[9] E. E. Reber, R. L. Mitchell, and C. J. Carter, “Oxygen absorption in the Earth’s atmosphere,” Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA, Tech. Rep. TR-0200 (4230-46)-3, Nov. 1968.
References—Electronic Sources
The guidelines for citing electronic information as offered below are a modified illustration of the adaptation by the International Standards Organization (ISO) documentation system and the American Psychological Association (APA) style. Three pieces of information are required to complete each reference: 1) protocol or service; 2) location where the item is to be found; and 3) item to be retrieved. It is not necessary to repeat the protocol (i.e., http) in Web addresses after “Available” since that is stated in the URL.
Author. (year, month day). Title. (edition) [Type of medium]. volume (issue). Available: site/path/file
Example: [1] J. Jones. (1991, May 10). Networks. (2nd ed.) [Online]. Available:
Author. (year, month). Title. Journal. [Type of medium]. volume (issue), pages. Available: site/path/file
Example:[2] R. J. Vidmar. (1992, Aug.). On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. [Online]. 21(3), pp. 876–880. Available:
Papers Presented at Conferences
Author. (year, month). Title. Presented at Conference title. [Type of Medium]. Available: site/path/file
Example: [3] PROCESS Corp., MA. Intranets: Internet technologies deployed behind the firewall for corporate productivity. Presented at INET96 Annu. Meeting. [Online]. Available:
Reports and Handbooks
Author. (year, month). Title. Company. City, State or Country. [Type of Medium]. Available: site/path/file
Example: [4] S. L. Talleen. (1996, Apr.). The Intranet Architecture: Managing information in the new paradigm. Amdahl Corp., CA. [Online]. Available:
Computer Programs and Electronic Documents
ISO recommends that capitalization follow the accepted practice for the language or script in which the information is given.
Example: [5] A. Harriman. (1993, June). Compendium of genealogical software. Humanist. [Online]. Available e-mail: HUMANIST@NYVM Message: get GENEALOGY REPORT
Source: IEEE Periodicals - Journals/Transactions Department, “Information for Authors,” Piscataway, NY: IEEE, 2006, pp. 4-5.